The following is modified from the American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Urology

If your child has an illness or disease of the genitals or urinary tract (kidneys, ureters, or bladder) a Pediatric Urologist has the expertise and qualifications to treat your child.

Pediatric urologists-the best care for children

Children are not just small adults. They cannot always say what is bothering them. They cannot always answer medical questions, and are not always able to be patient and cooperative during a medical examination. Pediatric urologists know how to examine and treat children in a way that makes them relaxed and cooperative. In addition, pediatric urologists often use equipment specially designed for children. Most pediatric urologists’ offices are arranged with children in mind. This includes the examination and waiting rooms, which may have toys and reading materials for children. This helps create a comfortable and non-threatening environment for your child.

What types of treatments do pediatric urologists provide?

  • Pediatric urologists are surgeons who can diagnose, treat, and manage children’s urinary and genital problems. Pediatric urologists generally provide the following services:
  • Evaluation and management of voiding disorders, vesicoureteral reflux, and urinary tract infections that require surgery.
  • Surgical reconstruction of the urinary tract (kidneys, ureters, bladder) including genital abnormalities, hypospadias, and intersex conditions.
  • Surgery for groin conditions in childhood and adolescence (undescended testes, hernia/hydrocele, varicocele)
  • Evaluation and subsequent treatment of prenatally detected anomalies involving the genital or urinary tracts.
  • Evaluation and treatment of benign and malignant tumors that involve the genital and urinary systems

Where can I find a pediatric urologist?

Today, pediatric urologists can be found in almost every state and virtually all of the major cities in the United States. Pediatric urologists practice in a variety of medical institutions, including children’s hospitals, university medical centers and large community hospitals with a significant commitment to pediatric care.

What kind of training do pediatric urologists have?

  • Pediatric urologists are medical doctors who have:
  • graduated from an accredited medical school
  • had one year of surgical internship at an accredited general surgery residency program
  • had at least 3 additional years of residency training in an accredited urology residency program
  • At least 1 additional year of fellowship training in an accredited pediatric urology fellowship program

All urologists must pass a written examination after completing their residency to ensure their urologic knowledge is of the highest level. After a urologist passes the written examination and they have been in practice for 18 months a urologist must pass an oral examination to determine their ability to manage a variety of urologic problems. These examinations are administered by the American Board of Urology (ABU). If a urologist passes both the written and oral examinations they have demonstrated that they have obtained the required requisite knowledge to be considered “board certified”.

A pediatric urologist must devote a minimum of 50% of his or her practice to the urologic problems of infants, children and adolescents. If a pediatric urologist fulfills all these requirements he or she can become a Fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics and carry the designation F.A.A.P.


  • Surgery of congenital penile abnormalities (hypospadias, epispadias and chordee).
  • Treatment of groin conditions (undescended or impalpable testes, testis torsion, hernia/hydrocele, varicocele).
  • Diagnosis and treatment of congenital anomalies of the kidneys, ureters or bladder (Ureteropelvic junction obstruction, megaureter, vesicoureteral reflux, ureterocele posterior urethral valves).
  • Treatment of urinary tract calculi (Shock wave lithotripsy and ureteroscopy)
  • Laparoscopic surgery for undescended testis and varicocele repair.
  • Diagnosis and treatment of neurologic lesions which affect the bladder (spina bifida, traumatic spinal cord lesions, transverse myelitis).
  • Evaluation and treatment of prenatally detected urinary tract anomalies.
  • Evaluation and treatment of children with urinary tract infections.
  • Evaluation and treatment of children with wetting problems.